Updated October 2011

AO1 - Knowledge and Understanding

Identify - Provide an answer from a number of possibilities.
  • Identify two different ways in which a person could cast an e-vote (2 marks)

Define - Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity
  • Define the term relational database (2 marks)

Describe - Give a detailed account
  • Describe two other potential uses of the technology incorporated within the Wii video game console. (4 marks)

Outline - Give a brief account or summary
  • Outline

State - Give a specific name, value or brief answer without explanation or calculation
  • State

Calculate - Obtain a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working.
  • Calculate

AO2 - Application and Analysis
Analyse - Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure
  • Analyse the impact of introducing an Internet use policy into a workplace. (4 marks)

Distinguish - Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items
  • Distinguish between the use of biometrics and passwords as a means of authenticating an employee who remotely logs on and accesses the company's server.

Compare - Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or scenarios, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
  • Compare

Construct - Display information in a diagrammatic or logical form.
  • Construct

Contrast - Give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or scenarios, referring to both (all) of them throughout
  • Contrast

Explain - Give a detailed account giving reasons or causes
  • Explain two reasons why a network administrator might install a keylogger (4 marks)
  • Explain the precautions that all computer users can take in order to avoid eye problems (4 marks)

AO3 - Synthesis and Evaluation
To What Extent - Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with appropriate evidence and sound argument.
  • To what extent are employees concerns about telecommuting outweighed by the advantages to both the employer and the employee? (10 marks)

Discuss - Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
  • Discuss the benefits and concerns that may result from the collection of information about a student's online activities (10 marks)

Evaluate - Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
  • Evaluate possible solutions to overcome the issues of reliability and privacy of data when patients use this technology. (10 marks)
  • Evaluate the usefulness of information collected from network monitoring systems to assess the productivity of employees (10 marks)

Justify - Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion.
  • Justify

Formulate (HL paper 3 only) - Express precisely and systematically the relevant concept(s) or
  • Formulate

Most Popular?

In past exams these have been the most popular terms....this is not based on reviewing ALL exams
  • Identify
  • Describe
  • Explain
  • Discuss
  • Evaluate
  • To what extent